Infertility: Here is Everything You Need to Know

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You are not alone if you are having trouble conceiving. Infertility and reduced fertility are sadly fairly prevalent, impacting about 12% of reproductive-age women. However, infertility is generally manageable, so seeing a doctor if you have problems getting pregnant is crucial. At Noble Fertility Center in NYC, fertility expert Peter Chang, MD, debunks common infertility beliefs, showcases promising new treatments, and discusses everything you need to know. Arrange an appointment with a Murray Hill infertility treatment specialist through mobile or book online to discover an ideal solution for your infertility woes. 

What is the Definition of Infertility?

Infertility is defined as the failure to become or sustain a pregnancy after a period of at least 12 months of trying for persons under 35 years.

Fertility drops as people get older. If a woman is 35 or older and has not had luck following six months of trying, her healthcare professional may evaluate and treat her for infertility.

What Are the Common Causes of Infertility?

A problem with sperm is a common cause of male infertility, including:

  •         Insufficient sperm density in the semen
  •         Reduced sperm motility

Numerous factors could contribute to female infertility, including:

  •         Improperly functioning ovaries, causing poor egg quality, very few eggs
  •         Blocked fallopian tubes
  •         Sporadic ovulation because of polycystic ovarian syndrome
  •         Anatomical concerns, such as a malformed uterus or past surgery
  •         Endometriosis
  •         Cancer therapy in both females and males

What About Age?

Infertility is most commonly predicted by age. As females age:

  •         Egg volume and quality reduces
  •         Genetic problems become more common
  •         The risk of miscarriage rises

What is Involved in an Infertility Checkup?

The following items could be included in an infertility assessment:

  •         Semen analysis
  •         Fallopian tube testing
  •         Ovarian reserve screening to ensure sufficient egg count
  •         An ultrasound to examine the uterus
  •         To assess for genetic disorders, genetic screening might be necessary

In numerous circumstances, there is no means of knowing if you will suffer infertility unless you try conceiving. Although there are products that assess egg quantity, research demonstrates that egg supply is not a reliable indicator of fertility.

What is the Treatment for Infertility?

For the more significant percentage, infertility is manageable. In the United States, over 7.3M persons have had fertility treatment. Treatment options include medications, surgery, or reproductive-assisted approaches.

Uterine malformations, including polyps, endometriosis, or a uterine septum, might necessitate surgery. On the other hand, medications may be used to fix hormonal problems. To induce ovulation (release of eggs), women might obtain an injectable or oral drug.

Additional reproductive-assisted approaches available include:

  •         In-Vitro fertilization
  •         Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
  •         Preimplantation genetic testing

Lifestyle adjustments, including weight loss, exercise, and diet, could be part of the reproductive therapy plan. The aim for women is to have a successful pregnancy and delivery altogether. 

Are There Any Alternatives?

The following are examples of third-party reproduction choices:

  •         Using a donor egg or sperm
  •         Using a surrogate or gestational carrier

At times, the journey to a baby bump might be difficult. How can you tell if you require fertility treatments or just a bit more time? Dr. Chang of Noble Fertility Center in NYC responds to this and other concerns. Call the office or request an appointment online right away.

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